Research Projects

DFG

  • The origin of metal and chondrules in CH and CB chondrites – Evidence from Fe, Ni, and Mg isotopes
    Led by: Prof. Dr. Stefan Weyer (LU Hannover), Dr. Jutta Zipfel (Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Frankfurt)
    Team: Mona Weyrauch
    Year: 2015
    Funding: DFG SPP 1385
    Duration: 2015-2018
  • Uranium and V isotope variations in Archean sediments
    Led by: Prof. S. Weyer, Dr. S. Schuth
    Team: M. Sc. Annika Neddermeyer (geb. Brüske)
    Year: 2015
    Funding: DFG: SPP1833
    Duration: 2015-2019
  • Li isotope fractionation in magmatic systems: Constraints from in situ 7Li determinations on magmatic minerals by femtosecond-laser ablation-MC-ICP-MS
    Led by: Dr. M. Oeser, Prof. Dr. S. Weyer
    Team: M. Sc. Lena Steinmann
    Year: 2016
    Funding: DFG
    Duration: 2016-2019
  • Fate of tetravalent uranium under reducing conditions
    Led by: Prof. Dr. S. Weyer
    Team: M. Sc. Yvonne Röbbert
    Year: 2016
    Funding: DFG - part of a D-A-Ch project together with R. Bernier-Lamani (EPFL) and S. Krämer (Wien)
    Duration: 2016-2020
  • Stromatolites as archive for metal cycling and early life: uranium and molybdenum isotope studies of modern and Archean stromatolites
    Led by: Prof. Dr. S. Weyer
    Team: M. Sc. Ashley Martin
    Year: 2018
    Funding: DFG: SPP 1833
    Duration: 2018-2021
  • Transport and reactions of light elements (Li, B) in pegmatitic systems under thermal disequilibrium - implications for magmatic/hydrothermal ore deposits
    Led by: Prof. Dr. Harald Behrens, Prof. Dr. Stefan Weyer
    Team: M. Sc. Christian Ronny Singer
    Year: 2020
    Funding: DFG
    Duration: 2020-2023
  • Diffusion-driven Fe-Mg and Li isotope fractionation in olivine: An experimental investigation and new modeling approach
    In this project of the proposed research unit, we aim to experimentally investigate isotope fractionation in magmatic crystals, generated by chemical diffusion. In the first funding period, we aim to focus on olivine and Fe and Mg isotope fractionation, driven by Fe-Mg exchange diffusion, as well as diffusion-driven Li isotope fractionation. In a second funding period such investigations may be extended to other magmatic minerals, such as pyroxene and plagioclase, for which the diffusion rate will be investigated in other projects (# 1 and #2) of the research unit, during the first funding period.The use of isotopic zoning has recently been developed as an additional complementary tool in diffusion chronology, including Fe-Mg and Li isotope zoning in olivine. The advantage of isotopes is that at magmatic temperatures isotopes only significantly fractionate during diffusion, while equilibrium isotope fractionation is small. Isotopic zoning can thus be used to unequivocally identify diffusion-driven zoning and furthermore, in combination with chemical zoning to resolve complex magmatic scenarios in which magmatic crystals experienced several growth and diffusion stages. However, the extend of diffusion-driven isotopic zoning is yet barely known and isotopic profiles observed in natural olivines are only fitted to assumed models of isotopic fractionation during diffusion modelling. We propose the precise experimental determination of diffusion-driven isotope fractionation and its dependence on parameters such as temperature, oxygen fugacity, chemical composition and crystallographic orientation of the olivine. This will result in much better constraints on the initial boundary conditions that are assumed for the diffusion model, and consequently lead to the determination of more accurate constraints on the duration of magmatic processes. It will also help to improve estimates of diffusion-driven chemical fluxes (during partial melting or metasomatic events), based on mineral- or even bulk rock isotopic data.We will furthermore develop 3D models to predict the anisotropy of isotope fractionation profiles that should allow to identify sectioning effects in natural crystals zoning. This model and all findings on diffusion-driven isotope fractionation will be implemented into the user friendly software for diffusion modelling, which will be developed in project #6. In cooperation with project #8, we will already apply the experimentally calibrated isotope zoning, as determined in this project, for the investigation of natural olivine.
    Led by: Prof. Dr. Stefan Weyer (LUH), Dr. Ralf Dohmen (RUB)
    Team: Dr. Martin Oeser-Rabe
    Year: 2020
    Funding: DFG
    Duration: 2020-2023

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